The HCC was established on 27 November 2018 by the President of the Republic and then by Decree in May 2019. Its members are chosen for their expertise in the fields of climate science, economics, agronomy and energy transition.
The High Council on Climate has two strategic priorities:
— We submit an annual report on France’s adherence to its greenhouse gas emissions reduction trajectory and on the effective delivery of measures and policies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and develop carbon sinks.
— We issue a report every five years on France’s low-carbon strategy and carbon budgets proposals, as well as on the greenhouse gas emissions reduction trajectory it committed to follow. It monitors the coherence of the low-carbon strategy with national policies and France's European and international pledges, in particular the Paris Agreement and the “carbon neutrality” goal by 2050.
To achieve these two objectives, the HCC considers the socio-economic impacts of the transition for households and businesses, key sovereignty issues and environmental impacts.
The HCC’s reports, based on analyses, assess current and planned policies and measures and outline recommendations and proposals to help France achieve its targets. These reports yield independent, factual and rigorous insight into France's greenhouse gas emission trends and its public policies. The HCC provides a long-term perspective and its publications are public.